We hear so much about Climate Change that it feels like a buzz word but it’s more than that. Climate Change is a real and serious issue and some of you might think isn’t the Climate always changing? What exactly is Climate Change? And most important question is why should we care? Well Earth’s Climate has changed throughout the history and most of the slight changes are caused by small variations in the Earth’s orbit but the Climate change as we know it today is characterized by exponential increased in the Earth’s temperature and high temperature is caused by the Green House effect.
Over 90% of the Climate Scientists believes that this drastically increased in Earth’s temperatures is not caused by changes in Earth’s orbits but rather caused by human activities that means me and you. Scientists have high confidence that global temperatures will continue to rise for decades to come, largely due to greenhouse gases produced by human activities.
We humans can built Aeroplanes, faster Cars, breakthrough remarkable technologies and learned to use natural resources for our benefits. It means we increased our consumption of natural resources which is responsible for causing increase CO2 in the atmosphere. There is no denying in the fact that CO2 is good for us but up to a point.
- Temperatures will continue to rise
- Frost-free season (and growing season) will lengthen
- Increasing droughts and heat waves
- Hurricanes will become stronger and more intense
- Sea level will rise 1-4 feet by 2100
- Arctic likely to become ice-free
As we know oceans provide 50% of the Earth’s oxygen, Due to the Climate change oceans getting warmer by .3 fahrenheit by 1969. As its getting warmer it has some serious effects directly connected to our lives. One of the effect is Ocean Acidification. Ocean acidification is the ongoing decrease in the PH of the Earth’s oceans.
Increasing acidity is thought to have a range of potentially harmful consequences for marine organisms, such as depressing metabolic rates and immune responses in some organisms, and causing coral bleaching.
Climate change also causes sea level to rise. Just in last century the sea level rose by 6.3-8.3 inch. Satellite measurements reveal an accelerating rise of 7.5 cm (3.0 in) from 1993 to 2017 which suggests it to rise of 12 inch per century. When sea gets warmer it swells on top of that ice sheets lose ice faster than it forms from snowfall and glaciers at higher altitudes also melt.
When all that ice melts it fills up our oceans and when sea can’t hold all the extra melted water and coastal regions get flooded. Climate change results in extreme weather events and natural disasters like floods and Tornadoes.
Land and Agriculture
Climate change also causes Drought. Over the next several decades, warmer weather in low-latitude regions will increase the likelihood of drought. Which makes agriculture more difficult.
We think of the present in the dream of the future not really considering what we do today could impact the next generations